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Table 3 Recorded disease incidence among 343 foals from birth to 12 months of age on four stud farms in Kildare, Ireland (born between January 2004 and May 30, 2008)

From: Causes of disease and death from birth to 12 months of age in the Thoroughbred horse in Ireland

    No. of incidencts (% of total n = 711) No. (%) of foals affected % surviving Average range of affected (Average) days Length of therapy-Range (Average) day
Stillbirth    5 (0.7) 5 (1.5) 0 0 0 (0)
Infectious   All 331 (46.5) 212 (62.7) 98.6 1-340 (104) 1-63 (8.4)
  Respiratory All 198 (27.8) 143 (42.3) 99.3 3-340 (143.9) 1-63 (9.5)
   Viral 54 (7.6) 51 (15.1) 100 64-250 (170) 1-10 (3.1)
   Bacterial 99 (13.9) 82 (24.3) 100 3-340 (153.8) 1-21 (6.2)
   R. equi 45 (6.3) 43 (12.7) 97.7 21-237 (90.8) 10-63 (24.3)
  GIT All 32 (4.5) 32 (9.4) 100 10-240 (51.9) 1-28 (5.5)
   Rotavirus 21 (2.9) 21 (6.2) 100 10-91 (40) 1-5 ( 2.4)
   Others 11 (1.5) 11 (3.3) 100 15-240 (74.6) 5-28 (11.1)
  Umbilical All 58 (8.2) 56 (16.6) 100 1-130 (15) 1-14 (6.3)
   Medical 55 (7.7) 55 (16.3) 100 1-130 (15) 3-14 (6.5)
   Surgical 3 (0.4) 3 (0.9) 100 11-22 (15) 1-5 (3.7)
  MS All 23 (3.2) 22 (6.5) 95.5 9-315 (193.2) 4-30 (9.7)
   Septic arthritis 1 (0.1) 1 (0.3) 100 17 (17) 18 (18.0)
   Septic physitis 4 (0.6) 4 (1.2) 100 20-300 (103.8) 10-26 (16.0)
   Osteomyelitis 1 (0.1) 1 (0.3) 0 90 (90) 30 (30.0)
   Cellulitis 13 (1.8) 12 (3.5) 100 9-315 (193.2) 4-21 (7.0)
   Others 4 (0.6) 4 (1.2) 100 19-120 (51) 5 (5.0)
  Septicaemia   20 (2.8) 20 (5.9) 90 1-35 (9.7) 1-15 (6.9)
PAS All   10 (1.4) 10 (2.9) 80 1 (1) 2-14 (4.8)
  Seizuring   1 (0.1) 1 (0.3) 100 1 (1) 3 (3.0)
  Non-seizuring   9 (1.3) 9 (2.6) 77.8 1 (1) 2-14 (5.0)
GIT-Non-infectious All   106 (14.9) 93 (27.5) 100 1-320 (64.6) 1-35 (9.3)
  Meconium   2 (0.3) 2 (0.6) 100 1 (1) 1-2 (1.5)
  Colic-medical   14( 2.0) 14 (4.1) 100 1-320 (102.2) 1-5 (1.7)
  Colic-surgical   1 (0.1) 1 (0.3) 100 175 (175) 21 (21)
  Gastric ulcers   61 (8.6) 57 (16.8) 100 10-210 (68.2) 7-35 (121.8)
  Enteritis/colitis   28 (3.9) 27 (8) 100 8-210 (38.6) 1-21 (5.2)
MS All   178 (25) 138 (40.1) 92.8 1-335 (48.5) 0-90 (6.5)
  Developmental All 66 (9.2) 63 (18.6) 92.0 1-335 (48.5) 0-90 (4.8)
   Contracture/laxity 55 (7.7) 53 (15.6) 92.5 1-330 (22.1) 0-42 (3.1)
   DJD complex 7 (1.0) 7 (2.0) 85.7 150-335(241.4) 1-90 (18.6)
   ALD surgery 4 (0.6) 4 (1.2) 100 35-145 (74.8) 3-5 (3.5)
  Trauma All 69 (9.7) 65 (19.2) 92.3 1-334 (126) 0-60 (9.8)
   Fractures 23 (3.2) 23 (6.8) 86.9 1-235 (106.5) 10-60 (20.7
   Other 46 (6.5) 42 (12.4) 95.2 2-334 (135.9) 0-10 (4.4)
  Lameness All 43 (6.0) 40 (11.8) 100 2-235 (126) 1-10 (3.8)
   foot 32 (4.5) 31 (9.2) 100 2-235 (144) 1-10 (3.1)
   Other 11 (1.5) 9 (2.6) 100 5-200 (73.2) 1-10 (5.9)
Congenital All   49 (6.9) 49 (14.4) 95.9 1-180 (90.6) 0-61 (3.3)
  Eye All 6 (0.8) 6 (1.77) 83.4 1-4 (1.5) 0-1 (0.8)
   Entropion 5 (0.7) 5 (1.5) 100 1-4 (1.6) 1 (1.0)
   Micro-opthalmia 1 (0.1) 1 (0.3) 0 0 (0) 0 (0)
  URT Cleft soft palate 1 (0.1) 1 (0.3) 0 4 (4) 61 (61)
  Umbilical hernia All 41 (5.8) 41 (12.1) 100 17-180 (105.4) 1-7 (2.4)
   Ring 29 (4.1) 29 (8.6) 100 17-160 (100) 1-5 (1.1)
   Surgery 12 (1.7) 12 (3.6) 100 90-180 (117) 3-7 (5.3)
  Dentig. cyst All 1 (0.1) 1 (0.3) 100 106 (106) 1 (1)
Occular All   11 (1.5) 11 (3.25) 100 10-327 (126.5) 2-14 (7.4)
  Ulcer   7 (1.0) 7 (2.0) 100 2-9 (5.4) 2-14 (8.3)
  Conjunctivitis   4 (0.6) 4 (1.2) 100 60-245 (121.8) 3-10 (5.8)
FPT    19 (2.7) 19 (5.6) 100 1-4 (1.8) 1-5 (1.8)
Prematurity    1 (0.1) 1 (0.3) 0 1 (1) 1 (1)
Other    1 (0.1) 1 (0.3) 100 6 (6) 3 (3)
  1. Foals with more than one disease process in the first year will be classified more than once
  2. GIT: Gastrointestinal tract MS: Musculoskeletal
  3. PAS: Perinatal asphyxia syndrome Dent. Cyst: Dentigerous cyst
  4. FPT: Failure of passive transfer