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Table 2 Details of the herd fertility service (HFS) provided by veterinary practitioners in Ireland, the Netherlands and Portugal (responses in % unless otherwise stated*).

From: Veterinary dairy herd fertility service provision in seasonal and non-seasonal dairy industries - a comparison

  All veterinary respondents (n = 73) Veterinary practitioners in Ireland (n = 12) Veterinary practitioners in The Netherlands (n = 40) Veterinary practitioners in Portugal (n = 21)
How do you get a HFS started with a client?
The client asks for it 72.6 66.6 77.5 66.6
It begins with a fertility problem 71.2 75.0 70 71.4
It begins with a financial problem 21.9 33.3 17.5 23.8
Other 32.9 33.3 42.5 14.3
What are the components of the HFS you provide?
Routine postpartum examinations 94.5 75.0 97.5 100
Fertility records analysis 75.3 58.3 77.5 81.0
Ultrasound pregnancy examinations 68.5 91.6 90 14.3
Investigation of herd fertility problems 56.2 75.0 52.5 52.4
Blood metabolite and mineral profiling 46.6 66.6 52.5 23.8
Farm staff training in reproductive skills 41.1 41.6 20 81.0
Oestrus synchronisation 34.3 58.3 10 66.6
Providing written fertility SOPs 34.3 41.6 20 57.1
AI auditing 15.1 0 7.5 38.1
Other 53.4 58.3 37.5 81.0
In what form are fertility records available to you
Client's computer 76.7 58.3 77.5 85.7
Breeding charts 56.2 75.0 57.6 42.9
Notebooks/diaries 52.1 75.0 27.5 85.7
Other 9.6 33.3 7.5 0
How many planned HFS visits per year do you conduct?
Mean (sd; min.-max.) 4-23 4 (2;2-6) 12 (1.4;8-15) 23 (17; 2-52)
How do you charge for this service?
Fee/hour 68.5 100 90 9.5
Fee/cow 37 66.6 20 52.4
Fee/month 21.9 0 10 57.1
Other 19.2 0 12.5 42.9
What do you charge for this service?
Fee/hour [€ mean (sd; min.-max.)] 87.5-106 101 (34; 60-150) 106 (13.6;80-140) 87.5 (17.7; 75-100)
Fee/cow [€ mean (sd; min.-max.)] 2-15.5 4 (1; 3-5) 15.5 (3.2;12-19) 2 (1; 1.5-3)
Fee/month [€ mean (sd; min.-max.)] 355 - - 355 (196; 125-650)
Describe the types of clients who use this service?
More educated than average 69.9 75.0 67.5 71.4
Clients with herd fertility problems 57.5 66.6 57.5 52.3
Clients with larger than average herds 53.4 41.6 55 57.1
Clients who attend agricultural meetings 50.7 58.3 52.5 42.9
Clients with seasonal calving herds 19.2 58.3 17.5 0
Other 15.1 16.6 10 23.8
How do you promote this service?
I tell my clients about it 86.3 83.3 90 81.0
Word-of-mouth between clients 16.4 33.3 7.5 23.8
Other 41.1 41.7 57.5 9.5
Is the number of clients using this service increasing?
Yes 71.2 66.6 72.5 71.4
No 28.8 33.3 27.5 28.6
How do you demonstrate the benefits of this service?
Fertility benefits 86.3 91.7 77.5 100
Financial benefits 69.9 66.6 62.5 85.7
Other 45.2 58.3 60 9.5
What are the benefits to your clients of this service?
Financial 43.8 41.6 25 81.0
Satisfaction in fertility management 37 25 40 38.1
Other 19.2 8.3 32.5 0
What percentage of herds on the service has improved fertility?
Mean (sd; min.-max.) 41-81 81 (17; 50-100) 41 (23.2; 0-75) 75 (21; 20-100)
What are the benefits to you/your practice from this service?
Financial 54.8 66.6 52.5 52.4
Job satisfaction 42.5 66.6 30 52.4
Other 31.5 66.6 37.5 0
Do you want to provide an extended/enhanced service?
Yes 71.2 41.7 95 42.9
No 28.8 58.3 5 57.1
What would assist you in providing a better HFS?
Better economic evidence to convince clients 61.6 41.6 77.5 42.9
More time to concentrate on herd fertility 54.8 58.3 62.5 38.1
Better fertility data provision 52.1 41.6 60 42.9
A fertility referral service I could consult 12.3 33.3 32.5 9.5
Other 52.1 8.3 77.5 28.6
  1. *Each % figure represents the percentage of respondents who provided this answer and as each respondent could provide multiple responses within some questions, the total % for each question does not always add up to 100%.