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Table 1 A summary of quantitative data gathered at mixed equestrian events in Ireland. The nine events are listed in the order in which they were visited in the summer months of 2014

From: An investigation of the equine infectious disease threat represented by the presence of donkeys at mixed equestrian events in Ireland

Event No Event requirements Entrance/On-site controls Veterinary services Number of donkeys and donkey exhibitors Contact between horses and donkeys Any health issues witnessed
1 Register on-site for showjumping, pre-register for showing classes no records checked at gate, passports not checked on-site veterinarians on hand 10, same owner runs derby donkeys stabled separately and donkey derby in separate ring to horse/pony classes no
2 Mainly pre-registration, only a few last minute on-site registrations no records checked at gate, passports to be shown to ring judge no veterinarians on premise 6 donkeys, 2 families owned horses walked freely next to donkeys no
3 Both pre- & on-site registration. Passport & premises registration required to register no records checked at gate veterinarian on site, on call for issues 18 donkeys, various owners Show rings adjacent to each other for horses and donkeys no
4 Both pre- & on-site registration. Passport & premises registration required to register horses, not required for donkeys no records checked at gate veterinarian on-site, another on call for issues 5 donkeys - 2 different owners donkeys kept in small pens next to mini horses skin lesions, poor coats, over-weight, over-grown hooves, nasal discharge, scour
5 No registration requirements. No records checked at the multiple entry points none 20 donkeys, owners not reliably in associated attendance No controls on mixing of species Donkeys in reasonable body condition but unkempt
6 Both pre- & on-site registration. No passport or premises registration required no records checked at gate no veterinarian on-site, but one on call 3 donkeys - 2 owners donkeys shown in separate ring no
7 No registration requirements; all members of The Donkey Breed Society no records checked at gate none 15 donkeys no horses at event no
8 All equines pre-registered. Passport required to register. Vaccination against equine influenza required. All records checked at single entry/exit Multiple veterinarians presence 24 donkeys Contact between species once on event premises no
9 Both pre- & on-site registration. Passport & equine premises registration required to register no records checked at gate none 2 donkeys donkeys kept in same area as horses no