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Table 1 Animal based welfare outcomes recorded during welfare assessment on 31 farms in the Republic of Ireland

From: Prevalence of welfare outcomes in the weaner and finisher stages of the production cycle on 31 Irish pig farms

Outcome Description
Poor body condition Lean pig with spine, hip and pin bones visible
Bursitis Presence of inflamed bursae (tangerine-sized or larger) on limb(s)
Manure on the bodya More than half of pigs in the pen with > 50% of their body soiled
Shivering Slow and irregular vibration of body or parts thereof
Panting Breathing rapidly in short gasps carried out with the mouth
Huddlingb Pig lying with more than half of its body in contact with another pig
Lameness Minimal weight-bearing on the affected limb or inability to move
Skin lesions Presence of many large and/or deep skin lesions (i.e. more than 1/3 of the body covered with lesions)
Tail lesions Moderate: evidence of lesions but no blood visible
Severe: bloody, swollen and/or amputated tail
Ear lesions Moderate: evidence of lesions but no blood visible
Severe: bloody, swollen and/or amputated ear
Flank lesions Moderate: evidence of lesion but no blood visible
Severe: bloody, open wound
Lethargic Pig appears generally listless/lethargic
Scouringa Visible signs of liquid faeces on the floor in the pen
Coughingc Frequency of coughs
Sneezingc Frequency of sneezes
Pumping Labored breathing; easily visible rising/falling of chest with each breath
Twisted snouts Characteristic of atrophic rhinitis, deformity of the snout
Hernia and rupture Hernia (umbilical/scrotal)/rupture present (i.e. larger than a fist)
Rectal prolapse Internal tissue extrudes from the rectum
Skin condition Skin is inflamed, discolored or spotted
  1. aRecorded on pen level only (i.e. present/absent)
  2. bExpressed as proportion of resting pigs
  3. cFrequency per pig during 5 min observation. All other measures are assessed by recording the percentage of pigs affected in a pen