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Table 1 Semen parameters in dogs, which were infected (after having been infected) with Babesia canis at 1st presentation and after supplementation with selenium and Vitamin E

From: Canine babesiosis – a disease rarely considered in the context of male infertility

Parameter Male I Male II Male III Male IV Values in fertile males
  at 1st presentation after supplementation at 1st presentation at 1st presentation at 1st presentation after supplementation  
Volume (ml) 2.0 3.5 2.5 2.0 0.8 1.5 0,5–2.0a
Concentration (×106/ml) 35.5 308 450 34 59.5 178 292.6 ± 208.3b
MOT (%) 4 64.0 80.0 5.0 78.0 72.0 88.3 ± 18.4b
PMOT (%) 1 29 68 0 7 54 60–70a
VAP (μm/s) 64.6 127.3 157.4 53.5 86.9 142.9 124.3 ± 19.7b
VSL (μm/s) 46.2 122.4 132.2 36.4 58.6 127.5 113.0 ± 20.2b
VCL (μm/s) 159.0 180.2 212.0 143.9 193.2 222.7 160.7 ± 19.7b
ALH (μm) 4.3 6.1 6.4 0.0 8.6 7.7 5.0 ± 0.7b
BCF (Hz) 36.2 35.4 32.1 34.9 22.7 38.8 26.2 ± 4.4b
STR (%) 70 96 82 69 67 88 88.9 ± 3.4b
LIN (%) 29 69 62 26 30 57 70.1 ± 7.5b
RAPID (%) 2 39 82 1 15 60 65.2 ± 21.7 b
MEDIUM (%) 21 31 10 21 63 12 3.4 ± 2.4b
SLOW (%) 4 18 7 5 8 19 19.7 ± 12.8b
STATIC (%) 73 12 0 73 15 9 11.8 ± 14.4b
Morphological abnormal sperm (%) 89 52 90 60 58 35 10–25a
Acrosomal defects (%) 7 5 7 6 3 3 2.3 ± 1.0c
Head defects (%) 29 18 39 23 15 9 4.0 ± 3.0c
Tail defects (%) 11 7 4 6 4 5 12.3 ± 4.6c
Proximal cytoplasmic droplets (%) 42 22 40 25 38 18 10.3 ± 12.1c
Live (%) 38 65 87 20 61 79 90–95a
  1. areference values according to Günzel-Apel et al. [7]
  2. bRijsselaere et al. [8]
  3. cKirchoff et al. [6]