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Table 1 Animal Health Ireland’s portfolio of bovine health programmes, including national key indicators and programme achievements

From: Stakeholder perceptions of non-regulatory bovine health issues in Ireland: past and future perspectives

Programme Health focus Date began National key indicators Programme achievements Reference
BVD national eradication programme Bovine viral diarrhoea Voluntary 2012, compulsory 2013 - Decrease of persistently infected calves from 0.66% in 2013 to 0.04% in 2019
- Decrease in proportion of positive breeding herds from 11.30% in 2013 to 0.77% (390 of 83,000) in 2019
- Estimated farmer annual net saving of € 85 million in 2019 [2, 40]
Irish Johne’s Control Programme Johne’s disease (Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis) Pilot (dairy) 2013,
Voluntary (dairy) 2017
- Estimated prevalence in 2005 at herd level was 21.45% (95%CI 18.4–24.9) and at the animal level was 2.86% (95%CI 2.76–2.97) - 9% of dairy herds participating in 2019, representing 11% of dairy cattle [2]
CellCheck Mastitis 2012 - Reduction in national average somatic cell count (SCC) from 234,000 in 2013 to 176,000 in 2019
- Reduction in estimated on-farm antibiotic usage, measured in terms of defined course dose per cow per year, both for dry cow therapy (34% reduction) and in-lactation therapy (15% reduction) during 2013–18, although dry cow therapy has increased subsequently
- Associated economic benefit to farmers and processors estimated at €39 million and €16 million, respectively, in 2017 [22, 2, 23, 35] McAloon, McCoy, and More, n.d.)
L. Shalloo, unpublished data
Beef HealthCheck Liver fluke and pneumonia at slaughter 2016 - Programme prevalence in 2019 of liver fluke damage or live fluke at slaughter was 11.5% at the animal level and 57.3% at the herd level. - Farmer and veterinary practitioner access to individualised slaughter reports through a programme database presenting herd- and practice-level dashboards
- Data captured on 717,000 cattle and 27,000 herds in 2019
- 17 participating abattoirs
- Annual farmer educational events
- Economic impact of fluke on steer production investigated
- Incorporation of genetic resistance to liver fluke into dairy and beef breeding indices
[2, 10, 43, 44, 26, 42]
IBR Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis Pilot 2018 - Herd level seroprevalence of 74.9% (95%CI 69.9–79.8%) in 2009.
- Beef herd prevalence was estimated at 90% in 2014/15.
- Increase in IBR vaccine sales of 12.3% between 2017 and 2019
- Pilot control programme
- Preparations for a national control programme
- Commencement of national bulk tank surveillance testing
- Information leaflets
[13, 9, 2, 5]
CalfCare Diseases and welfare of calves 2010   - Information leaflets on best practice
- Annual farmer educational events
[4]
Parasite Control Endo- and ectoparasites 2010   - Information leaflets on best practice [6]
Biosecurity Biocontainment and bioexclusion 2010   - Information leaflets on best practice [3]