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Table 2 Multivariate analysis using logistic regression model for significant association (p < 0.05) of risk factors and BTV seropositivity among camels in Kassala State, Eastern Sudan

From: Sero-epidemiological survey of bluetongue disease in one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) in Kassala State, Eastern Sudan

Risk factor OR 95% CI
Lower- upper
P-Value
Locality
 Khashm Ghirba Reference
 Halha 1.143 0.168–7.762 0.891
 Western Kassala 0.540 0.105–2.780 0.461
 Wad Al Helew 6.857 0.539–87.279 0.138
 Rural Kassala 1.214 0.179–8.217 0.842
 Northern Delta 0.893 0.153–5.198 0.900
 Telkuk 3.143 0.238–41.507 0.384
 Aroma 3.143 0.238–41.507 0.384
Sex
 Female Reference
 Male 0.061 0.012–0.309 0.001*
Season
 Summer Reference
 Rainy 0.113 0.009–1.456 0.095
 Winter 0.139 0.014–1.405 0.094
Water Source
 Water station Reference
 Canal 3.697 0.166–82.100 0.408
 Hafeer 6.470 0.424–98.653 0.179
 Atbara river 7.090 0.330–152.498 0.211
 Seasonal river 32.257 1.821–571.445 0.018*
 Wells 7.029 0.831–59.483 0.074
  1. *p-value ≤0.05 is significantly different