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Table 1 Prevalence of MRSA in veterinarian personnel and animal workers reported in studies conducted worldwide

From: Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) prevalence in humans in close contact with animals and measures to reduce on-farm colonisation

Study Year conducted Country Prevalence N Population
(Chen et al., 2020) [65] 2019 China 31.71% 41 Veterinarians (veterinary hospitals)
(Schmidt et al., 2020) [66] Aug 2018-Jan 2019 Switzerland 7.07% 99 Veterinary personnel from animal companion clinics
(Kittl et al., 2020) [67] 2017 Switzerland 5.13% 156 Farmers
(Kittl et al., 2020) [67] 2017 Switzerland 6.60% 212 Veterinarians
(Neradova et al., 2020) [68] 2017 Czech Republic 6.72% 134 Veterinary personnel
(Taus et al., 2019) [69] 2017 Austria 13.40% 261 Veterinarians
(Taus et al., 2019) [69] 2017 Austria 38.30% 47 Swine veterinarians
(Taus et al., 2019) [69] 2017 Austria 7.90% 214 Non-swine veterinarians
(Verkola et al., 2019) [70] 2016 Finland 0.30% 320 Veterinarians
(Tabatabaei et al., 2019) [71] Nov 2012—Mar 2013 Iran 4.00% 50 Veterinary personnel
(Sun et al., 2017) [72] 2012 USA 9.50% 66 Swine veterinarians
(Wang et al., 2017) [61] Nov 2013-Nov 2014 China 5.10% 335 Farmers and veterinarians (pig-related workers)
(Mroczkowska et al., 2017) [60] Aug 2010-Nov 2012 Poland 3.20% 283 Pig farmers
(Mroczkowska et al., 2017) [60] Aug 2010-Nov 2012 Poland 10.50% 38 Veterinarians
(Post et al., 2017) [73] 2013 Worldwide 5.00% 60 Veterinary surgeons
(Walter et al., 2016) [74] 2008–2009 Germany 9.00% 695 Veterinarian attending to different species
(Walter et al., 2016) [74] 2008–2009 Germany 8.53% 516 Veterinarian in contact with cattle
(Walter et al., 2016) [74] 2008–2009 Germany 14.52% 365 Veterinarian in contact with pigs
(Steinman et al., 2015) [75] 2012 Israel 16.90% 59 Staff members of a veterinary hospital
(Verkade et al., 2014) [76] Jul 2008-Dec 2009 The Netherlands 44.00% 137 Veterinarians
(Wettstein Rosenkranz et al., 2014) [77] 2012 Switzerland 2.73% 146 Veterinarians of small animals
(Wettstein Rosenkranz et al., 2014) [77] 2012 Switzerland 6.45% 31 Veterinarians of large animals
(Wettstein Rosenkranz et al., 2014) [77] 2012 Switzerland 4.50% 111 Veterinarians of general practice
(Ishihara et al., 2014) [78] 2008 Japan 22.90% 96 Veterinarian for dog and cats
(Ishihara et al., 2014) [78] 2008 Japan 10.00% 70 Veterinarian technician for dog and cats
(Paterson et al., 2013) [79] 2011 UK 2.60% 307 Cattle Veterinarians (Mostly)
(Boost et al., 2013) [80] Not specified Hong Kong, China 5.60% 300 Pork butchers
(Schwaber et al., 2013) [81] 2010 Israel 50.00% 20 Full-time equine staff
(Schwaber et al., 2013) [81] 2010 Israel 4.55% 22 Community equine veterinarians
(Garcia-Graells et al., 2012) [82] 2010 Belgium 8.90% 105 Livestock veterinarians
(Garcia-Graells et al., 2012) [82] 2010 Denmark 2.10% 97 Livestock veterinarians
(Paul et al., 2011) [83] 2010 Italy 1.60% 128 Small animal dermatologists
(Jordan et al., 2011) [84] 2009 Australia 4.80% 250 Dog and cat veterinarians
(Jordan et al., 2011) [84] 2009 Australia 21.35% 89 Horse veterinarians
(Jordan et al., 2011) [84] 2009 Australia 8.33% 12 Pig veterinarians
(Zhang et al., 2011) [85] 2008–2009 China 1.96% 51 Small animal veterinary staff
(Horgan et al., 2011) [86] 2008 Ireland 2.00% 100 Pig Health Society Symposium attendees
(Ben Slama et al., 2011) [87] 2008–2009 Tunisia 1.20% 83 Veterinarian students or staff, farmers and abattoir workers
(Ishihara et al., 2010) [88] 2007 Japan 25.00% 20 Veterinarians
(Ishihara et al., 2010) [88] 2008 Japan 23.50% 34 Veterinarians
(Ishihara et al., 2010) [88] 2007 Japan 11.96% 92 Veterinary personnel
(Ishihara et al., 2010) [88] 2008 Japan 7.87% 127 Veterinary personnel
(Huber et al., 2010) [62] 2009 Switzerland 0.00% 148 Pig farmers
(Huber et al., 2010) [62] 2009 Switzerland 3.01% 133 Veterinarians
(Huber et al., 2010) [62] 2009 Switzerland 0.00% 179 Slaughterhouse employees
(Burstiner et al., 2010) [89] 2008 USA 17.30% 341 Veterinary surgeons and technicians
(Boost et al., 2011) [90] Not specified Hong Kong, China 0.67% 150 Veterinary personnel
(Heller et al., 2009) [91] Not specified Scotland, UK 3.13% 64 Small animal hospital staff members
(Zemlicková et al., 2009) [92] 2008 Czech Republic 0.70% 280 261 Veterinary professionals (veterinarian and technician); 19 Pharmacist
(Meemken et al., 2008) [93] 2007 Germany 23.26% 86 Veterinarians, laboratory personnel and meat inspection personnel
(Moodley et al., 2008) [94] Aug 2006-Feb 2007 Denmark 3.90% 231 Veterinarians (small and large animals)
(Moodley et al., 2008) [94] Aug 2006-Feb 2008 Denmark 0.00% 98 Farmers