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Table 1 JD Questionnaire responses

From: A survey of management practices on Irish dairy farms with emphasis on risk factors for Johne’s disease transmission

Que. Management variable n Response Outcome (%) If sometimes chosen- what % of the time?*
Calving area (CA) management A: Less than 50% B: More than 50%
1 Is the CA frequently used for more than one calving at any one time? 303 No 3   
Sometimes 27 x  
Yes 70   
2 Is the CA overcrowded? (e.g. more than five cows in calving pen at any one time) 302 No 57.6   
Sometimes 29.1 X  
Yes 13.2   
3 Is the CA cleaned out between every calving and bedded with clean dry bedding? 300 No 33.7   
Sometimes 37 X  
Yes 29.3   
4 Is the CA used to house sick cows? 297 No 42.4   
Sometimes 54.9 X  
Yes 2.7   
5 Do cows have manure soiled legs and udders? 300 No 43.3   
Sometimes 51 X  
Yes 5.7   
Calf feeding management   
6 Do new born calves stay with mother in CA for more than six hours? 304 No 17.1   
Sometimes 39.5 X  
Yes 43.4   
7 Is the calf allowed to suckle from the cow? 303 No 7.3   
Sometimes 32.7   X
Yes 60.1   
8 Is colostrum collected without disinfection of the teats prior to collection? 301 No 23.3   
Sometimes 25.9 50:50
Yes 50.8   
9 Are heifer replacement calves fed with pooled colostrum? 302 No 26.5   
Sometimes 27.8 X  
Yes 45.7   
10 Are heifer replacement claves fed pooled surplus milk from healthy cows? 303 No 12.2   
Sometimes 25.1 X  
Yes 62.7   
11 Are heifer replacement calves fed milk from sick and mastitic cows? 304 No 40.5   
Sometimes 33.9 X  
Yes 25.7   
Manure management   
12 Is milk and feed area for calves contaminated with cow manure? 302 No 88.7   
Sometimes 10.6 50:50
Yes 0.7   
13 Do calves have direct contact with cows and their manure prior to weaning? 300 No 78.3   
Sometimes 13 50:50
Yes 8.7   
14 Do calves have access to pasture which has had cow slurry applied in the same season? 302 No 27.8   
Sometimes 53.6 x  
Yes 18.5   
15 Do heifers have direct contact with cows and their manure prior to entering milking herd? 302 No 21.9   
Sometimes 40.7 50:50
Yes 37.4   
16 Is water and feed area for heifers contaminated with cow manure? 302 No 75.2   
Sometimes 14.9 x  
Yes 9.9   
17 Do heifers have access to pasture which has had cow slurry applied in the same season? 304 No 11.5   
Sometimes 57.9 x  
Yes 30.6   
  1. *A subset of the population was re-surveyed to quantify the Sometimes responses. X indicates the response chosen by the majority of the subpopulation, 50:50 indicating an equal number choosing A or B.