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Table 4 Gender- specific and overall prevalence (PI) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of University College Dublin employees’ awareness that individual responsibilities of dog owners are prescribed by law in Ireland

From: Self-reported awareness of the legal status of eight responsibilities of dog owners in Ireland: are dog owners different from non-dog owners?

Dog owner legal responsibility Participant characteristics Awareness of dog owner legal responsibility PI (%) 95% CI (%)
Yes (n) No (n)
“Fouling” Female 422 19 95.7 93.8–97.6
Male 218 20 91.6 88.1–95.1
Total 640 39 94.3 92.5–96.0
“Licensing” Female 400 41 90.7 88.0–93.4
Male 193 45 81.1 76.1–86.1
Total 593 86 87.3 84.8–89.8
“Muzzling and Leashing” Female 393 48 89.1 86.2–92.0
Male 202 36 84.9 80.3–89.4
Total 595 84 87.6 85.2–90.1
“Safeguarding Health and Welfare” Female 325 116 73.7 69.6–77.8
Male 177 61 74.4 68.8–79.9
Total 502 177 73.9 70.6–77.2
“Abandonment” Female 289 152 65.5 61.1–69.9
Male 154 84 64.7 58.6–70.8
Total 443 236 65.2 61.7–68.8
“Tail Docking” Female 301 140 68.3 63.9–72.6
Male 135 103 56.7 50.4–63.0
Total 436 243 64.2 60.0–67.8
“Straying” Female 247 194 56.0 51.4–60.6
Male 126 112 52.9 46.6–59.3
Total 373 306 54.9 51.2–58.7
“Identification” Female 178 263 40.4 35.8–44.9
Male 66 172 27.7 22.0–33.4
Total 244 435 35.9 32.3–39.5
  1. “Fouling” – Fouling in a public place; “Licensing” - Licensing of all dogs; “Muzzling and Leashing” – Muzzling and leashing of particular breeds; “Safeguarding health and welfare” - Safeguarding health and welfare of the animal; "Abandonment" - Abandonment of the dog “Tail Docking” – Tail docking of puppies; “Straying” – Straying of an animal; “Identification” – Wearing of identification