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  1. The impact of enterococci in human health has been growing for the last decades, mainly due to their resistance to several antimicrobial agents. Human consumption of contaminated meat, especially poultry, has ...

    Authors: Teresa Semedo-Lemsaddek, João Bettencourt Cota, Tânia Ribeiro, Amélia Pimentel, Luís Tavares, Fernando Bernando and Manuela Oliveira
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:22
  2. Since the 1940s, Staphylococcus aureus has adapted to the use of different antimicrobials to treat infections. Although S. aureus can act as a commensal bacterium, some strains are facultative pathogens and acqui...

    Authors: Daniel Crespo-Piazuelo and Peadar G. Lawlor
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:21
  3. Pediculosis in cattle causes significant itching, irritation and stress to the animal, often resulting in skin damage and poor coat condition. The control of bovine pediculosis in Ireland is based predominantl...

    Authors: Fiona Mckiernan, Jack O’Connor, William Minchin, Edward O’Riordan, Alan Dillon, Martina Harrington and Annetta Zintl
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:20
  4. Chlamydia spp. are prevalent zoonotic pathogens that infect a wide variety of host species. Chlamydia abortus (C. abortus) infection in yaks has been reported in Gansu and Qinghai province, China. However, no dat...

    Authors: Lin Liang, Yuan Wen, Zhaocai Li, Ping Liu, Xing Liu, Shuming Tan, Donghui Liu, Jizhang Zhou and Dewen Tong
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:19
  5. The Biological Isolation and Containment Unit (BICU) is a subunit of the Teaching Hospital of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Lisbon, Portugal, for the admission of animals with confirm...

    Authors: C. Verdial, C. Carneiro, I. Machado, L. Tavares, V. Almeida, M. Oliveira and S. Gil
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:18
  6. Hot-iron disbudding is a common management procedure to prevent horn growth in calves. The study objective was to examine effect of age, breed and sex on horn bud size of dairy-bred and suckler-bred calves at ...

    Authors: Gabriela A. Marquette, Mark McGee, Andrew D. Fisher, Kelly Stanger, Anastasio Argüello and Bernadette Earley
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:17
  7. As part of clinical wound assessment in bovine surgery, discrepancies in skin temperature are evaluated by placing the back of the hand on the area to be examined. Generally, an increased skin temperature at t...

    Authors: Ioannis Proios, Marian Kusenda, Christian Seiler, Carsten Siewert, Hermann Seifert and Martin Kaske
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:16
  8. Peripheral parenteral nutrition (PPN) is increasingly considered as an alternative to central parenteral nutrition (CPN) given the higher cost and more frequent clinical complications associated with the latte...

    Authors: Cesar Augusto Flores Dueñas, Soila Maribel Gaxiola Camacho, Martin Francisco Montaño Gómez, Rafael Villa Angulo, Idalia Enríquez Verdugo, Tomás Rentería Evangelista, José Ascención Pérez Corrales and Miguel Ángel Rodríguez Gaxiola
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:15
  9. There has been increasing concern expressed about the welfare of exotic pets worldwide. For the purposes of this article, an exotic pet is considered to be a non-domesticated species, where there are knowledge...

    Authors: Matt Goins and Alison J. Hanlon
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:13
  10. In addressing the threat of antimicrobial resistance, it is critical to understand the barriers to the uptake of strategies for the reduction of antimicrobial use (AMU) in the pig industry. In several EU count...

    Authors: Alessia Diana, Sylvia Snijders, Alison Rieple and Laura Ann Boyle
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:12
  11. Selenitetriglycerides are biologically active, organic forms of selenium formed as a result of the modification of selenic acid and sunflower oil. Studies in rats have shown that they are well absorbed and of ...

    Authors: Katarzyna Żarczyńska, Przemysław Sobiech, Dawid Tobolski, John F. Mee and Josef Illek
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:11
  12. Paying more attention to free-roaming dogs’ population control seems to be necessary because of public health and environmental problems. The present study used the community readiness model to determine the r...

    Authors: Tahereh Kamalikhah, Somayeh Mirrezaei, Tahereh Rahimi, Leila Sabzmakan and Safiye Ghobakhloo
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:10
  13. Bluetongue (BT) is a vector-borne viral disease of ruminant and camelid species which is transmitted by Culicoides spp. The causative agent of BT is bluetongue virus (BTV) that belongs to genus Orbivirus of the f...

    Authors: Molhima M. Elmahi, Mohammed O. Hussien, Abdel Rahim E. Karrar, Amira M. Elhassan and Abdel Rahim M. El Hussein
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:9
  14. An accurate assessment of feline behaviour is essential in reducing the risk of handler injury and evaluating/improving feline welfare within veterinary practices. However, inexperience and/or suboptimal educa...

    Authors: Sandra Louise Nicholson and Roslyn Áine O’Carroll
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:8
  15. Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the main cause of mortality among 1-to-5 month old calves in Ireland, accounting for approximately one-third of deaths. Despite widespread use of clinical respiratory signs ...

    Authors: Inmaculada Cuevas-Gómez, Mark McGee, José María Sánchez, Edward O’Riordan, Nicky Byrne, Tara McDaneld and Bernadette Earley
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:7
  16. Cyanide is one of the most rapidly acting toxins affecting cattle, with poisoning typically occurring following ingestion of cyanogenic plants. Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus), is one such potentially toxic cyanogen...

    Authors: Aideen Kennedy, Audrey Brennan, Celine Mannion and Maresa Sheehan
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:6
  17. Research on calf health and welfare has intensified in the past decades. This is an update on a review series on calf health from birth to weaning published ten years ago.

    Authors: Ingrid Lorenz
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:5
  18. Although visual locomotion scoring is inexpensive and simplistic, it is also time consuming and subjective. Automated lameness detection methods have been developed to replace the visual locomotion scoring and...

    Authors: G. M. Borghart, L. E. O’Grady and J. R. Somers
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:4
  19. Brachycephalic breeds have anatomical skull changes that are responsible for ocular clinical signs, known as the brachycephalic ocular syndrome (BOS). Their popularity has increased in recent years but the exc...

    Authors: Joana Costa, Andrea Steinmetz and Esmeralda Delgado
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:3
  20. The objective of our study was to evaluate prevalence of selected bacterial and fungal pathogens of mastitis in dairy cattle in north-eastern Poland. Our study was conducted from 2013 to 2019 in 1,665 clinical...

    Authors: E. Kaczorek-Łukowska, J. Małaczewska, R. Wójcik, K. Duk, A. Blank and A. K. Siwicki
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:2

    The Correction to this article has been published in Irish Veterinary Journal 2022 75:10

  21. Teat disinfection is an important step in the control of mastitis within a dairy herd. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 96 commercially available teat disinfectant products in I...

    Authors: Sarah Rose Fitzpatrick, Mary Garvey, Jim Flynn, Bernadette O’Brien and David Gleeson
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2021 74:1
  22. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kyratsoula Pentsou and Vilhelmiina Huuskonen
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:26

    The original article was published in Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:9

  23. In recent years, there have been multiple (political, environmental, cultural) drivers of change in Irish agriculture, including the establishment of Animal Health Ireland (AHI) in 2009, to provide leadership ...

    Authors: Natascha V. Meunier, Kenneth McKenzie, David A. Graham and Simon J. More
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:25
  24. Respiratory disease is one of the most important factors impacting pig production worldwide. There is no available information on the prevalence of key pathogens implicated in Irish pig production. The objecti...

    Authors: Maria Rodrigues da Costa, Rose Mary Fitzgerald, Edgar Garcia Manzanilla, Helen O’Shea, John Moriarty, Máire C. McElroy and Finola Catherine Leonard
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:24
  25. The problems of burnout and the moral and ethical distress resulting from various kinds of conflict have been raised in the veterinary profession. However, their sources and inter-relationships have not been t...

    Authors: Joanna Wojtacka, Wojciech Grudzień, Beata Wysok and Józef Szarek
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:23
  26. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial effect of experimental eye drops with bacteriophages in elimination of Staphylococcus spp. isolated from dogs with bacterial conjunctivitis.. Th...

    Authors: Renata Urban-Chmiel, Ireneusz Balicki, Katarzyna Świąder, Anna Nowaczek, Ewelina Pyzik, Dagmara Stępień-Pyśniak, Agnieszka Marek, Andrzej Puchalski, Andrzej Wernicki, Ewa Poleszak and Marta Dec
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:21
  27. Nasal abnormalities are rare in bovines. In humans, nasal deformities are mainly classified as proboscis lateralis or supernumerary nostrils. This report discusses the etiology of triple nostrils in a calf, ba...

    Authors: Takeshi Tsuka, Ai Saito, Yoshiharu Okamoto, Yuji Sunden, Takehito Morita, Ryo Nishimura, Yusuke Murahata, Kazuo Azuma, Masamichi Yamashita, Tomohiro Osaki, Norihiko Ito and Tomohiro Imagawa
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:19
  28. The Irish dairy industry has established a reputation for the production of safe and healthy dairy products and is seeking to further expand its export market for high value dairy products. To support its repu...

    Authors: A. G. Jordan, L. R. Citer, C. G. McAloon, D. A. Graham, E. S. G. Sergeant and S. J. More
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:18
  29. Fibronectin (FN) is a large (450–500 kDa), multidomain and multifunctional glycoprotein existing in mammalian tissues. Some fibronectin (FN) molecular forms might be involved in biological processes occurring ...

    Authors: Paulina Jawor, Dorota Krzyżanowska-Gołąb, Joanna Bajzert, Tadeusz Stefaniak and Iwona Kątnik-Prastowska
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:17
  30. Laryngeal chondritis is a disease of undetermined aetiology, characterised by oedema, ulceration, abscessation and necrosis of the laryngeal mucosa and cartilage. The initial aim of the study was to document f...

    Authors: Aideen Kennedy, Séamus Fagan, Colm Brady, John Fagan, Eamon Wall, Seamus Hoey, Emma Tobin, Mícheál Casey and Maresa Sheehan
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:16
  31. Ultrasonographic monitoring of the pregnant bitch is an established routine in many veterinary clinics. In order to better assess foetal health and avoid pregnancy losses, Doppler ultrasonographic evaluation o...

    Authors: Sandeep Mahadeo Gaikwad, Sarita Ulhas Gulavane, Umesh Balkrishna Kumbhar, Raju Ramrao Shelar, Ravindra Jayram Chaudhari and Ruth Ann Ribeiro
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:15
  32. A longitudinal prospective study was conducted from October 2017 to April 2018 on calf diarrhea and coccidiosis in dairy farms in Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia with the objectives of determining the incidence...

    Authors: Habtamu Tamrat, Negesse Mekonnen, Yeshwas Ferede, Rudi Cassini and Negus Belayneh
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:14
  33. Hypotension is one of the most common complications observed during inhalation anaesthesia in veterinary patients. Treatment of hypotension in cattle is more challenging than in other species, owing to the lim...

    Authors: Laura Gómez Fernández, María Chie Niimura del Barrio and Claire Loughran
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:13
  34. The control of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) of cattle in pasture-based production systems such as Ireland is highly dependent on the availability of efficacious anthelmintics. There is very little informat...

    Authors: Anne C. Kelleher, Barbara Good, Theo de Waal and Orla M. Keane
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:12
  35. Antimicrobial resistance has been recognised as one of the most difficult challenges facing human and animal health in recent decades. The surveillance of antimicrobial use in animal health plays a major role ...

    Authors: Hannah Martin, Edgar Garcia Manzanilla, Simon J. More, Lorcan O’Neill, Lisa Bradford, Catherine I. Carty, Áine B. Collins and Conor G. McAloon
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:11
  36. Veterinary regulators require veterinary nursing students to demonstrate clinical competence prior to registration and practice as a veterinary nurse. However, in common with other medical professions, there i...

    Authors: Karen Dunne, Bernadette Brereton, Vivienne Duggan and Deirdre P. Campion
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:10
  37. There is very little data on the optimal anaesthetic management of ring-tailed lemurs, and the available information is mostly based on extrapolation from other species. In addition, a thorough pre-anaesthetic...

    Authors: Kyratsoula Pentsou and Vilhelmiina Huuskonen
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:9

    The Correction to this article has been published in Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:26

  38. The aim of the study was to evaluate oxidant/antioxidant status in 21 Holstein dairy cows with metritis compared to 8 healthy controls. Blood samples were taken during the first 21 days postpartum. Malondialde...

    Authors: Karolína Mikulková, Romana Kadek, Jaroslav Filípek and Josef Illek
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:8
  39. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) as an emerging zoonotic pathogen causes a major public health issue. Transmission from domestic, wildlife and zoo animals to human has been widely reported. Whether pets also serve as r...

    Authors: Yunlong Li, Changbo Qu, Bart Spee, Ruyi Zhang, Louis C. Penning, Robert A. de Man, Maikel P. Peppelenbosch, Hille Fieten and Qiuwei Pan
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:6
  40. Overdrainage and collapse of the hemispheres is a potential severe complication after surgical treatment of internal hydrocephalus using ventriculoperitoneal shunts. Here we describe a case of a spontaneous he...

    Authors: Agnieszka Olszewska, Daniela Farke and Martin Jürgen Schmidt
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:5
  41. Comfortable beds play an important role in increasing the ruminant and milk production efficiency of dairy buffalo. In loose housing systems, cow lying comfort depends on both the bedding materials and bed base.

    Authors: Lin Li, Ping Liu, Lulu Guo, Fulan Zhang, Jinhui Pu, Huaming Mao and Zhaobing Gu
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:4
  42. Dairy and beef cattle can be reservoirs of many pathogens, including Salmonella and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), the causative agent of Johne’s disease (JD). Farm environments may provide po...

    Authors: Elvira Ramovic, Gillian Madigan, Shannon McDonnell, Denise Griffin, Elaine Bracken, Eadaoin NiGhallchoir, Emma Quinless, Aoife Galligan, John Egan and Deirdre M. Prendergast
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:3
  43. Student feedback has played an important role in the maintenance of quality and standards in higher education. Perhaps the most commonly used method to capture feedback is a series of questions or statements w...

    Authors: Conor G. McAloon, Emmet Kelly, Sue Rackard, Catherine McAloon, Marijke Beltman, Luke O’Grady, Lorenzo Viora, Mark Crowe, Michael L. Doherty and Eoin G. Ryan
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2020 73:1
  44. Aminorex, (RS)-5- Phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1,3-oxazol-2-amine, is an amphetamine-like anorectic and in the United States a Drug Enforcement Administration [DEA] Schedule 1 controlled substance. Aminorex in horse uri...

    Authors: George Maylin, Clara Fenger, Jacob Machin, Sucheta Kudrimoti, Rodney Eisenberg, Jonathan Green and Thomas Tobin
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2019 72:15
  45. Radiography is useful to determine left atrial (LA) size when echocardiography is not available. Recently, the authors have described Radiographic Left Atrial Dimension (RLAD) as a new radiographic measurement...

    Authors: Xavier Sánchez Salguero, David Prandi, Francisco Llabrés-Díaz, Edgar G. Manzanilla, Llorenç Badiella and Claudio Bussadori
    Citation: Irish Veterinary Journal 2019 72:14